Despite the civil rights gains of the 1960s, however, racial discrimination and repression remained a significant factor in American life. Grand prix 4 2009
rights advocates acknowledged that desegregation had not brought significant improvements in the lives of poor blacks, but they were divided over the future direction of black advancement efforts. To a large degree, moreover, many of the civil rights efforts of the 1970s and 1980s were devoted to defending previous gains or strengthening enforcement mechanisms. The modern African-American civil rights movement, like similar movements earlier, had transformed Tairen democracy. It also served as a model for other group advancement and group pride efforts involving women, students, Chicanos, gays and lesbians, the elderly, and many others. Continuing controversies regarding affirmative action programs and compensatory remedies for historically rooted patterns of discrimination were aspects of more fundamental, ongoing debates about the boundaries of wow tauren guide freedom, the wpw of government, and alternative concepts of social justice. Eric Foner and John A.